ADLER, SAMUEL M. (1898–1979), U.S. painter. Born in New York City, Adler began drawing as a child. His parents saw the life of an artist as a challenge and thus did not encourage his interest. Nonetheless, at the age of 13 – several years earlier than typical admissions – Adler began artistic training at the National Academy of Design in New York. A talented violinist as well, he supported himself by playing in various venues, from weddings to symphonies. Before graduation Adler left the Academy, dedicating himself to music full time. In 1933 Adler returned to painting. His first one-man show was not until mid life, when he had a 1948 exhibition at the Joseph Luyber Galleries in New York. This exhibition showed only his current work as two years previously he had destroyed all but two of his paintings. Overnight, critics lauded Adler as an important contemporary artist. Within the year he was teaching art at New York University and from this period on his works were displayed at, and acquired by, various venues in New York and elsewhere. While Adler grew up with little religious training, he turned to depictions of the Jewish experience when he entered the art world. He created dozens of paintings of rabbis, including White Rabbi (1951), which shows a young rabbi in a tallit and kippah standing in front of Sabbath candles. In this work, and others, one can see the influence of amadeo modigliani 's simplified, symmetrical approach to the human figure. Adler always kept the human form at the center of his art, even as he moved away from representational painting to more abstract collages. Adler discussed his view of Jewish art in a 1964 public lecture: "I believe in a dimension in every work of art that lies beyond the measurables, an inexplicable, a quality of life we call presence, that cannot be construed as either Jewish or Christian." -BIBLIOGRAPHY: "Jewish Art Explained by Prof. Adler," in: The News-Gazette (Champaign, Illinois, March 8, 1964), 16; E. Grossman, Art and Tradition (1967); S. Adler, Samuel M. Adler: 25 Years of the Image of Man '47–'72 (1972). (Samantha Baskind (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • ADLER, SAMUEL — (1809–1891), rabbi and pioneer of the Reform movement. Adler, born in Worms, was the son of Rabbi Isaac Adler, who gave him his early education. He received a traditional education at the Frankfurt Yeshivah and studied privately with Rabbi Jacob… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Adler, Samuel — (1809 91)    American Reform rabbi of German origin. He was born in Worms and settled in the US in 1857. An early European reformer, he became rabbi of Temple Emanuel in New York in 1857 …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Adler, Samuel H. — (b. 1928)    American composer, conductor and educator of German origin. Born in Mannheim, he moved to the US in 1939. He was music director at Temple Immanuel in Dallas (1953 66), then became professor of composition at the Eastman School of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Samuel Adler (composer) — Samuel Hans Adler (born March 4, 1928) is an American (German born) composer and conductor. Adler was born to a Jewish family in Mannheim, Germany, the son of Hugo Chaim Adler, a cantor, and Selma Adler. The family fled to the United States in… …   Wikipedia

  • Adler — The term Adler, the German word for the bird of prey eagle , is both the last name of many people and an emblematic bird (notably in heraldry, bannistics, numismatics etc.) featured on many blazons since the feudal age, including the present… …   Wikipedia

  • Adler (Familienname) — Adler ist ein deutscher Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Als Symbol des Evangelisten Johannes diente der Adler häufig als Hauszeichen. Daraus wurde die Bezeichnung für die Bewohner abgeleitet. Zudem entwickelte sich der Familienname als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Adler — ist der Name folgender Personen: Samuel Adler (Rabbiner) (1809–1891), deutscher Rabbiner Samuel Adler (Sänger) (1831–1899), US amerikanischer Opernsänger deutscher Herkunft Samuel Adler (Maler) (1889–1979), US amerikanischer Maler Samuel Adler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ADLER — ADLER, family originally from frankfurt . There are different theories as to the origin of the family name. According to one, the early members of the family lived in a house bearing the sign of an eagle (Ger. Adler). The main branch, whose… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel ben Hophni — Samuel ben Hofni Le Rav Samuel HaCohen ben Hofni Gaon (hébreu : רב שמואל הכהן בן חפני גאון), dit le Rashba h, est un rabbin babylonien des Xe et XIe siècles. Dernier grand Gaon (directeur académique) de Soura, de 998 à 1013, il est,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samuel Adler — may refer to: *Samuel Adler (rabbi) (1809 1891), Reform rabbi *Samuel Adler (composer) (b. 1928), composer and conductor …   Wikipedia

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